There exist five categories of living organisms on our planet Earth, namely: plants, animals, fungi, bacteria, and viruses.
The method of grouping based on size could also be applied in the same manner:
- At a height of 115 meters (380 feet), the Californian Redwood tree stands as the tallest plant.
- Weighing 150 imperial tons and measuring 30 meters (100 feet) in length, the Blue Whale holds the title for the largest animal to have ever existed, surpassing even the size of any dinosaur that roamed the earth.
- Bacteria exhibit a wide range of shapes and sizes. While an individual bacterium can only be observed under a conventional microscope, it requires a colony consisting of tens of thousands of them to be visible to the naked eye.
- Similar to bacteria, viruses exhibit a diverse range of shapes and sizes, but they are considerably smaller. In fact, a virus is 10,000 times smaller than a grain of salt. It wasn’t until the 1930s that the first virus was visualized under an electron microscope.
Both bacteria and viruses can have beneficial or harmful effects. Throughout millions of years, all living organisms, including humans, have evolved to coexist with them. However, occasionally a new strain of virus emerges that can be highly infectious, causing widespread problems until effective measures are implemented to control it.
In the late 18th century, Jenner became the first person to demonstrate the ability to control the harmful effects of a virus on humans. He achieved this by inoculating a person with a liquid containing a secretion collected from a cow, which provided protection against smallpox, a viral disease responsible for claiming thousands of lives annually.
Vaccination is a process that follows the same principle today. The virus is inactivated and administered to an individual, typically through injection, in a harmless form. This prompts the production of antibodies that can recognize and neutralize the virus. Vaccines are routinely given to young children to protect them from diseases such as measles and polio. However, developing a vaccine to combat a new strain of virus can be a time-consuming process.
In addition to vaccines we also need to rely upon additional supportive methods, of which there are many. These will invariably include:
Along with vaccines, there are numerous supportive methods that we rely on. These methods typically include:
- Isolating individuals who may have contracted an infection during its early stages through quarantine.
- Implementing isolation measures for confirmed cases.
- Regularly washing hands with soap and water.
- Utilizing barriers such as face masks, goggles, and protective clothing.
- Steering clear of crowded areas such as cinemas, sports venues, and theaters.
- Applying bactericidal and viricidal sprays on the ground to decrease the likelihood of organisms being spread via footwear.
- Employing bactericidal and viricidal gases like ozone.
A concentration of 2 ppm of ozone can destroy viruses in less than two minutes, and with increased humidity, ozone is even more effective in rapidly eliminating viruses.
Although ozone is naturally present in the atmosphere, its use for infection control requires a high concentration of ozone, which necessitates the exclusion of all individuals from the treated room. All Ozone Clean units are equipped with programs that generate a rapid concentration of ozone for a set duration. Subsequently, any residual ozone is quickly and entirely destroyed, converting it back into breathable oxygen. Once the programmed cycle is complete, the generator can be effortlessly relocated to another room requiring cleaning. The effectiveness of ozone depends on several factors that are simple to regulate, such as the amount used and humidity levels.
To sum up:
- Ozone is a colorless and safe gas to use. Within 30 to 60 minutes of being generated, it quickly decomposes into oxygen, leaving no other chemical by-products.
- With only a brief period of instruction and training, an adult can operate ozone-generating equipment with ease, typically taking no more than 30 minutes to learn.
- In addition to its ability to eliminate viruses and bacteria on surfaces and in the air, ozone is an incredibly potent odor remover.
- Ozone does not have any harmful effects on food or fabrics.
Ozone generators are both cost-effective and efficient, requiring no additional chemicals and can be utilized multiple times. For those interested in the technical aspects:
Oxygen is a gas composed of two atoms and makes up nearly 21% of the air we breathe, with the remaining components being nitrogen, a small amount of carbon dioxide, and some water vapor. When exposed to a strong electric field, oxygen becomes ozone by acquiring a third oxygen atom. However, under normal atmospheric pressure, ozone is unstable and rapidly breaks down into oxygen, releasing an energetically charged oxygen molecule. This molecule has a brief half-life of about 30 minutes.
When ozone comes in contact with the outer coating of a virus or bacteria, it reacts with the membrane and causes rapid destruction through a process called oxidation. This process also quickly eliminates any odors in the environment. One of the significant benefits of using ozone is that there is no risk of organism resistance, and at the end of the cleansing process, the only by-product is atmospheric oxygen.
Leave a Comment